The History of CBS.
The CBS stands for Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, or we call it The Central Bureau of Fungal Cultures in English.
CBS was established in 1904 at the 11th International Botanical Congress at Vienna, as the foundation for collecting of fungal and algal cultures. CBS was part of The Phytopathological Laboratory “Willie Commelin Scholten”.
During World War II, CBS was having some financial difficulties. To safe the CBS from financial collapse, starting from 1953 The Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW – Royal Dutch Academy of Sciences) financially supported CBS. Finally at 1968, KNAW covered all the CBS financial deficits and took CBS as a part of KNAW institutions.
At 1964, CBS was moved from The Phytopathological Laboratory “Willie Commelin Scholten” to a new building that was funded by Mr. O Van Vloten, a tea planter in Dutch Indies who was keenly interested in fungi
In December 2000 the CBS was moved to Utrecht where it was accommodated in the completely renovated building, previously occupied by the Hubrecht Laboratory, another institute of the KNAW.
CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Center in Utrecht (Source)
Collecting, researching, and making genetic database of fungi are CBS-KNAW’s main projects. Fungi deposited in CBS-KNAW are not only from Netherlands but also from other countries. All type of fungi, environmental fungi and important-medically fungi, are the subject of CBS-KNAW projects. The CBS-KNAW has more than 60.000 strains of fungi in its public collection, making it as the largest mycological culture collection in the world.
CBS-KNAW has a database that is very useful to identify fungi so accurately by the fungal’s genome. That database is published athttp://www.cbs.knaw.nl/databases/. With this database, we can compare our own fungal genomes with the database, thus we can recognize it’s genetic mutation. In the medical worlds, like mine, the genetic mutation is very important to recognize, since it may contribute to encourage drug resistency.
The database is sorted by the use of barcode system. The barcode can be traced by these softwares, BioloMICS and Mycobank. Those software is one of many project that CBS-KNAW has.
Below is the windows of the CBS-KNAW’s database.
This is the appearance of windows that we can start our search of database (Source)
– ditulis oleh Hanna Yolanda