#409 CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Center’ Contribution in Human Being

The logo of CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Center (Source)

The History of CBS.

The CBS  stands for Centraalbureau voor Schimmelcultures, or we call it The Central Bureau of Fungal Cultures in English.

CBS was established in 1904 at the 11th International Botanical Congress at Vienna, as the foundation for collecting of fungal and algal cultures. CBS was part of The Phytopathological Laboratory “Willie Commelin Scholten”.

During World War II, CBS was having some financial difficulties. To safe the CBS from financial collapse, starting from 1953 The Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen (KNAW – Royal Dutch Academy of  Sciences) financially supported CBS. Finally at 1968, KNAW covered all the CBS financial deficits and took CBS as a part of KNAW institutions.

At 1964, CBS was moved from The Phytopathological Laboratory “Willie Commelin Scholten” to a new building that was funded by Mr. O Van Vloten, a tea planter in Dutch Indies who was keenly interested in fungi

In December 2000 the CBS was moved to Utrecht where it was accommodated in the completely renovated building, previously occupied by the Hubrecht Laboratory, another institute of the KNAW.

CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Center in Utrecht (Source)

CBS-KNAW Projects

Collecting, researching, and making genetic database of fungi are CBS-KNAW’s main projects. Fungi deposited in CBS-KNAW are not only from Netherlands but also from other countries. All type of fungi, environmental fungi and important-medically fungi, are the subject of CBS-KNAW projects. The CBS-KNAW has more than 60.000 strains of fungi in its public collection, making it as the largest mycological culture collection in the world.

CBS-KNAW has a database that is very useful to identify fungi so accurately by the fungal’s genome. That database is published athttp://www.cbs.knaw.nl/databases/. With this database, we can compare our own fungal genomes with the database, thus we can recognize it’s genetic mutation. In the medical worlds, like mine, the genetic mutation is very important to recognize, since it may contribute to encourage drug resistency.

The database is sorted by the use of barcode system. The barcode can be traced by these softwares, BioloMICS and Mycobank. Those software is one of many project that CBS-KNAW has.

Below is the windows of the CBS-KNAW’s database.

This is the appearance of windows that we can start our search of database (Source)

Reference :

– ditulis oleh Hanna Yolanda

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3 Komentar

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3 responses to “#409 CBS-KNAW Fungal Biodiversity Center’ Contribution in Human Being

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  2. What an interesting topic. I’m sure not many people know about this fungi center, especially the history. Actually, our country also has many kind of fungi, and we have to learn more from this center how to seriously maintained, explored and made the database of our fungi,as well.
    Certain fungi do make some problems to humans, such as infection and there are many people suffered from this opportunistic agent, either yeast or mould form. A challenge in this fungi world is the susceptibility test method especially for the mould form, and i wonder how the CBS-KNOW performed this test.
    I will start with searching in http://www.cbs.knaw.nl.

    Thank you for the writer

  3. Wino

    When I first read about the largest living organism on earth is fungal, the story amazed me. The honey mushroom (Armillaria ostoyae) in Oregon which covers an area of nearly 900 hectares is indeed a jaw dropping fact. I also read this story when I was a kid, that Fleming discovered an antibiotic penicillin from fungal.

    Fungal has many influences in human life. The CBS-KNAW is doing a great job by collecting so much fungal DNAs. Having the world’s largest collection of fungal DNA will enable us to learn more about fungal and its contribution in human life.

    I hope by this article, The CBS-KNAW will be known more by the scientist out there. Thus more and more we could discover what fungi contribute to human life…

    Well done CBS-KNAW !!!

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